Coal exports for the first quarter of 2017 were 58% higher than in the same quarter last year, with steam coal exports increasing by 6 million short t and metallurgical coal exports increasing by 2 million short t.
Coal exports for the first quarter of 2017 were 58% higher than in the same quarter last year, with steam coal exports increasing by 6 million short t and metallurgical coal exports increasing by 2 million short t. Most of these exports were shipped from Atlantic Coast and Gulf of Mexico ports. In EIA’s most recent Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO), EIA expects growth in coal exports to slow in the coming months, with total 2017 exports forecast at 72 million short, 11 million short (19%) higher than the 2016 level.
With coal exports running well below export capacity, no significant expansions of coal export facilities in the US are currently under construction. Coal export capacity in 2016 totalled 257 milion short t, compared with total coal exports of 61 million short t. Facilities in the Norfolk, Virginia, area alone have the capacity to export approximately 84 million short t annually—more than the total amount of coal exported from all U.S. ports in 2016.
Baltimore, Maryland, is the other significant coal export location on the Atlantic Coast, and two facilities in Baltimore have the capacity to export 29 million short t annually: CNX Marine Terminal (15 million short t annually) and CSX terminal (14 million short t). A port expansion at the former Sparrows Point steel plant, by Tradepoint Atlantic, calls for possible coal export facilities, but the size has not yet been specified.
Coal export facilities in the New Orleans area have the capacity to export nearly 60 million short t annually, but planned increases that would more than double the area’s coal export capacity have been cancelled, stalled, or gone unpermitted. The Mobile, Alabama, McDuffie coal terminal, which has a capacity of 30 million short t, mainly ships metallurgical coal, and it is also the nation’s largest coal import facility. Smaller export facilities in Texas on the Gulf of Mexico include port facilities in Houston, Galveston, Corpus Christi, and Texas City.
While most US coal is exported from Atlantic Coast and Gulf of Mexico ports, smaller amounts of coal exports also originate from ports on the Great Lakes and in California. However, planned coal export projects elsewhere in the US have stalled. A new export facility has been proposed for Oakland, California, but its construction is being challenged by local government.
Several large-scale coal export projects have been proposed in the Pacific Northwest. The Millennium Bulk Terminal is a planned export facility located in Longview, Washington, with plans to develop export facilities in two stages: initially to a capacity of 28 million short t and ultimately to 49 million short t. The state’s Department of Ecology recently completed a final environmental review of the project, and the US Corps of Army Engineers will release its own final environmental review later this year.
Other coal export projects in the Pacific Northwest have stalled. Developers of a proposed export facility in Morrow, Oregon, decided to cancel the project, which could have handled exports of up to 7 million short tpy. Another project in Cherry Point, Washington—the Gateway Pacific Terminal—had proposed a coal export facility capable of exporting up to 48 million short t annually, but on 7 February, the applicant withdrew all permit applications for the project.
More information on coal exports, as well as other coal-related data from EIA’s surveys, can be found in the interactive coal data browser.